Factors to Be Considered in Butterfly Valves’ Design

Normal failure of butterfly valves are leakages, and butterfly valves’ leakages include external leakages and internal leakages. External leakages are mainly caused by erosion or corrosion, and internal leakages are caused by damage to sealed auxiliaries. Service lives usually refer to sealed auxiliaries’ using time or times of actions, which depend on types, temperatures, pressure, opening and closing frequency and opening and closing speeds of butterfly valves. Thus, we can choose materials which can meet working conditions, materials with scratch resistance, fatigue resistance and electrochemical corrosion resistance, and have necessary heat treatments for these materials. In addition, the service life of the sealing auxiliary is closely related to the rationality of the structural design and the manufacturing accuracy.

Selection of main parts’ materials
The main part of the butterfly valve includes the valve body, the butterfly plate, the valve stem, the valve seat and the sealing ring. We choose materials based on working conditions, and we should especially pay attention to corrosion resistance and applicable temperatures of materials. The following table shows the applicable temperature and the applicable medium of the commonly used material.

Applicable temperatures and applicable media of commonly used materials

Parts’ name Grades Applicable temperatures Applicable media
  HT200 From -10 to 200 ℃ Water, steam, air and gas
Valve bodies ZG230-450 From -30 to 450℃ Water, steam, air and gas
  ZG12Cr18Ni9 From-196 to 600℃ Corrosive media
  HT200 From-10 to 200℃ Water, steam, air and gas
Butterfly plates ZG230-450 From-30 to 450℃ Water, steam, air and gas
  ZG12Cr18Ni9 From-196 to 600℃ Corrosive media
Valve stems 2Cr13 Lower than or equal to 700℃ Corrosive media
  40Cr Lower than or equal to 450℃ Water, steam, air and gas
Valve seats 1Cr18Ni9 From -196 to 600℃ Water, gas and corrosive media
  SFB-1 150℃Lower than or equal to 150℃ Corrosive media
Sealing rings MQ From-60 to 200℃ Water, steam and air
  FPM From -20 to 200℃ Corrosive media


The conclusion

With the improvement of the global energy conservation and the environmental awareness, the process system of the large-scale project constantly changes to the system with high parameters, which puts the higher and more demanding requirement on the technological parameter of the valve. In order to be adapted to functional requirements of working conditions such as high pressure, high temperatures, low temperatures and multiphase flows, structures of butterfly valves are also constantly upgraded and special butterfly valves with high performance appear one after another. However, butterfly valves remain essentially the same despite all apparent changes. Only by knowing process systems’ functional requirements on butterfly valves and all parameters of working conditions, can we design butterfly valve products which can meet functional requirements and have reliable performance so as to improve productivity.

Source: China Valve Manufacturer – Yaang Pipe Industry (www.steeljrv.com)

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