How to calculate blind flange thickness?

How to calculate Blind flange thickness?

CALCULATION FOR THE BLIND FLANGE:

(AS PER ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE /   VIII DIV I)

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The blind flange is attached by bolts causing an edge moment (Fig.  UG- 34. /sketch j) in which the thickness can be calculated by :

  t = d *(CP/SE+1.9W hg/SE*d^3) ½     ……………….Formula (2) (From ASME UG-34)

Where,

d=   Diameter or short span, measured as indicated in Fig. UG-34

E=   Joint efficiency, from Table UW-12, of any category A weld as defined in UG-

       3(a)

S=   Maximum allowable stress value in tension from applicable table of value       

       Referenced by UG-23

W=  Total bolt load (From pipe data pro)

hg=  Gasket moment arm, equal to the radial distance from the centerline of the

         bolts to the line of the gasket reaction, Table 2-5.2

P =  Design pressure-HYDROTEST pressure is considered (13.5 bar (g)) 

C =  0.3 From Fig UG-34(j)

THICKNESS CALCULATION FOR THE 32” BLIND FLANGE :

Using the above formula (2)

  t = d *(CP/SE+1.9W hg/SE*d^3) ½     ……………….formula (2) (from ASME UG 34)

d=     876.5 mm

 C=    0.3

P =   13.76 kg/sq cm

E =   1

W =  94 KG

hg=  50.75 mm

 S =  25 ksi = 1757 kg/sq.cm

Substituting the above values in Formula (2),

            = 876.5*[(0.3*13.76/1757*1) + (1.9*94*98)/ (1757*1*876.5^3)] ½

                42.48mm or 42.5 mm

Therefore from the above calculation, the minimum thickness required for the 32” blind flange is :

 t = 42.48 mm

THICKNESS CALCULATION FOR THE 36” BLIND FLANGE :

Using the above formula (2)

  t = d *(CP/SE+1.9W hg/SE*d^3) ½     ……………….formula (2) (from ASME UG 34)

d=     978.2 mm

 C=    0.3

P =   13.76 kg/sq cm

E =   1

W =  117 KG

hg=  53.25 mm

 S =  25 ksi = 1757 kg/sq.cm

Substituting the above values in Formula (2),

            = 978.2*[(0.3*13.76/1757*1) + (1.9*117*98)/ (1757*1*978.2^3)] ½

                47.41mm or 47.5 mm

Therefore from the above calculation, the minimum thickness required for the 36” blind flange is :

 t = 47.41 mm

THICKNESS CALCULATION FOR THE 38” BLIND FLANGE :

Using the above formula (2)

  t = d *(CP/SE+1.9W hg/SE*d^3) ½     ……………….formula (2) (from ASME UG 34)

d=     1038 mm

 C=    0.3

P =   13.76 kg/sq cm

E =   1

W =  132 KG

hg=  55.5 mm

 S =  25 ksi = 1757 kg/sq.cm

Substituting the above values in Formula (2),

            = 1038*[(0.3*13.76/1757*1) + (1.9*132*98)/ (1757*1*1038^3)] ½

                50.31mm or 50.5 mm

Therefore from the above calculation, the minimum thickness required for the 38” blind flange is :

 t = 50.31 mm

THICKNESS CALCULATION FOR THE 44” BLIND FLANGE :

Using the above formula (2)

  t = d *(CP/SE+1.9W hg/SE*d^3) ½     ……………….formula (2) (from ASME UG 34)

d=     1118 mm

 C=    0.3

P =   13.76 kg/sq cm

E =   1

W =  178 KG

hg=  98 mm

 S =  25 ksi = 1757 kg/sq.cm

Substituting the above values in Formula (2),

            = 1118*[(0.3*13.76/1757*1) + (1.9*178*98)/ (1757*1*1118^3)] ½

               = 54.19 mm

Therefore from the above calculation, the minimum thickness required for the 44” blind flange is :

 t = 54.19 mm

THICKNESS CALCULATION FOR THE 46” BLIND FLANGE :

Using the above formula (2)

 t = d *(CP/SE+1.9W hg/SE*d^3) ½     ……………….formula (2) (from ASME UG 34)

d=    1168 mm

C=    0.3

P =   13.76 kg/sq cm

E =   1

W =  180 KG

hg=  98.5 mm

 S =   25 ksi = 1757 kg/sq.cm

Substituting the above values in Formula (2),

         = 1168*[(0.3*13.76/1757*1) + (1.9*180*98.5)/ (1757*1*11168^3)] ½

            = 57 mm

Therefore from the above calculation, the minimum thickness required for the 46” blind flange is :

   t = 57 mm

THICKNESS CALCULATION FOR THE  48” BLIND FLANGE :

Using the above formula (2)

t= d *(CP/SE+1.9W hg/SE*d^3) ½     ……………….formula (2) (from ASME UG 34)

d=   1219 mm

C=   0.3

P =  13.76 kg/sq cm

E =  1

W = 202 KG

hg= 101.5 mm

S =  25 ksi = 1757 kg/sq.cm

Substituting the above values in Formula (2),

           = 1219*[(0.3*13.76/1757*1) + (1.9*202*101.5)/ (1757*1*1219^3)] ½

             = 59.09 = 59 mm

Therefore from the above calculation, the minimum thickness required for the 48” blind flange is :

  t = 59 mm

Conclusion:

Since from the above calculation, 50 mm plate thickness required for the 32”, 36” & 38” with stress ration as 1.0

And 60mm thick plate is required for  44”, 46”, 48” blind flanges at 13.5 bar (g) hydro test pressure and at ambient temperature.

However if the thickness of the blind flange is less than required then additional reinforcements or stiffeners has to be provided.

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If you have a Blind Flange custom made to a different dimension then it will cost much, much more and unless the maker is qualified to the proper Codes then you may be in violation of the applicable Piping Code (i.e.: ASME B31.3, etc.).

Source: China Blind Flanges Manufacturer – Yaang Pipe Industry (www.steeljrv.com)

(Yaang Pipe Industry is a leading manufacturer and supplier of nickel alloy and stainless steel products, including Super Duplex Stainless Steel Flanges, Stainless Steel Flanges, Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings, Stainless Steel Pipe. Yaang products are widely used in Shipbuilding, Nuclear power, Marine engineering, Petroleum, Chemical, Mining, Sewage treatment, Natural gas and Pressure vessels and other industries.)

If you want to have more information about the article or you want to share your opinion with us, contact us at sales@steeljrv.com
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